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Letters and Sounds (Preschool and nursery)

Aims of the letters and sounds

  • To explore and play with sounds from a variety of sources, including the environment, instruments and our bodies and voices. 
  • To develop an awareness of patterns within sounds and words. 
  • To learn a range of rhymes and stories, being able recite some favourites and join in. 
  • To develop an awareness of when two words rhyme.  
  • To hear initial sounds within words, picking up on alliterative patterns.
  • To discriminate between sounds within words, blending sounds together to hear a word and segmenting. 

Intent 

  • To set the foundations for early reading, by developing children’s phonics knowledge, enabling them to decode words and become successful, life-long readers. 

Implementation of letters and sounds

  • Teachers strong knowledge of the letters and sounds curriculum, knowing how to plan for their children in order to provide a range of opportunities for sound play. Teachers plan opportunities for learning through whole and small groups as well as within indoor and outdoor provision. 
  • The teaching team are experienced in seeing listening and phonic opportunities as they naturally occur, questioning and providing valuable discussions with children to explore their own knowledge. 
  • Motivating resources and activities are set up to excite learning and make phonics a very natural and enjoyable process.
  • Classrooms include communication friendly spaces as part of continuous provision, a book area, story shelves and musical instruments.
  • Teachers use physical literacy to tell stories and rhymes through actions.
  • Rhyme challenge takes place annually across the EYFS, parents are invited to celebrate children's learning. 
  • Parent workshops are provided across the year to share learning in phonics, including stories. Some workshops are targeted specifically to provide information about how to support your child at home.
  • Teachers send challenges home, which link to phonic objectives, when they return each child has the opportunity to discuss what they have brought in, and work is celebrated.

Impact

  • The outcome of phonics teaching in the Early Years will be that children will have a secure knowledge of phonics, enabling them to confidently decode words to read, and develop a love of reading.  

Early Years Foundation Stage 2020

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